Xi Jinping Stresses Importance of Scientific Research and Innovation for China’s Self-Reliance in Technology Sector Amidst Tensions with US

Xi Jinping Encourages Scientists to Advance in the Tech Battle during China’s ‘Two Sessions’

Beijing is intensifying its efforts to achieve self-reliance in the technology sector, as tensions with the United States continue to escalate. To counter US restrictions on Chinese access to advanced technologies, China has established a science and technology group comprising 43 leading experts in crucial fields such as missile weapon control theory, mathematics, and reproductive medicine.

Xi Jinping emphasized the importance of improving basic research and applying it effectively to advance key technologies and foster new sources of intellectual productivity during a panel discussion at the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). He sought practical advice from top scientists on reforming the system, including talent development and the use of incentives for innovation. This marks Xi’s first participation in a science and tech panel discussion at the CPPCC in over a decade.

The Chinese leadership is not only focused on countering US restrictions but also on leveraging scientific innovation to help revive the country’s economy post-pandemic. Xi Jinping highlighted the acceleration of developments in sectors dependent on scientific and technological advancements, such as new-energy vehicles and biomanufacturing. This commitment to scientific development is reflected in the draft budget report released by the finance ministry, which includes a 10% increase in spending on science and technology this year, amounting to 370.8 billion yuan (US$51.5 billion).

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