Migratory species around the world are facing a dire situation, with almost half of them experiencing a decline in population. This is according to a new report released Monday, which highlighted the risks faced by birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks and other migratory animals due to habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change. The lead author of the report, Kelly Malsch from the United Nations, emphasized the importance of stopover sites for these species.
Migration is an essential element in the survival of some species. Endangering this process could lead to their extinction. The report drew on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List. Participants at a U.N. meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan will review proposals for conservation measures and consider adding new species to the lists of concern. These decisions are critical as no single country can save any of these species alone.
At the meeting in Samarkand, eight South American governments plan to propose adding two declining Amazon catfish species to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is crucial for their survival since it is the largest freshwater system in the world. In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada.