Egyptian authorities have threatened to revoke the 1979 peace treaty with Israel after Israel launched an attack on the border town of Rafah, worsening the situation for more than a million displaced people. The attack has particularly affected the south Gaza city of Rafah, where up to 160 Palestinians have died and tens of thousands of casualties have been reported.
According to Hamas-Authorities, over 1.5 million people are located on the border with Egypt, including around 300,000 original residents of the city and 1.2 million internally displaced people who are now seeking refuge via “safe corridors.” The situation in the south of the Gaza Strip is described as catastrophic and terrible, with a dire lack of humanitarian aid.
Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi has increased military presence on the border and is pressuring Israel to refrain from a major offensive on Rafah. If a major offensive does occur, it could lead to the end of the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty of 1979, which would have significant political implications.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu seems determined to take Rafah by storm, leading military experts to expect heavy ground fighting that could last for weeks. There are fears that a continuation of the conflict during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan could ignite a conflagration throughout the entire region.