Banks at Risk as China’s Real Estate Crisis Escalates

The Chinese real estate market has been experiencing a crisis for nearly three years, leading to a significant increase in bad debts for the country’s largest banks. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), China Construction Bank (CCB), Agricultural Bank of China (ABC), and Bank of China (BOC) have all reported a substantial rise in bad debts in 2023. The total bad debt for these four banks increased by 10.4% last year to 1,230 billion yuan (170 billion USD). While banks have made provisions for bad debts, they are tightening risk control for lending to real estate firms to prevent further losses. However, banks are warning of contagion risks that are emerging.

The bad debt related to real estate for these four banks in 2023 totaled 183.9 billion yuan, which was an increase of 3 billion yuan compared to the previous year. While CCB and ABC saw significant increases in their real estate bad debts, ICBC and BOC reported a decrease in bad debts. The economic slowdown and falling asset prices in the real estate sector are causing bad debts to continue rising. Local governments are also struggling to repay debts, as they can no longer rely on land sales for revenue like they did before.

The ongoing crisis in the Chinese real estate market has been exacerbating the bad debt situation for banks in the country. Many real estate companies have gone bankrupt or are in the process of restructuring. Chinese officials have implemented a series of policies to support the real estate market over the past year. China Evergrande, once the second-largest real estate company in China, is in the process of liquidating assets to settle its substantial debt. Other major real estate companies, like Country Garden, are also facing financial difficulties.

Overall, the Chinese banking sector is facing significant challenges due to the ongoing crisis in the real estate market. Bad debts related to real estate continue to rise, posing risks to the financial stability of these banks. Tightening risk control measures and implementing policies to support the real estate market are crucial steps in combating the escalating bad debt crisis in China.

By Samantha Robertson

As a seasoned content writer at, my passion for storytelling and creativity shines through in every article I craft. With a keen eye for detail and a knack for research, I thrive on translating complex topics into engaging reads that resonate with our diverse audience. My goal is to inform, entertain, and inspire readers through thought-provoking content that leaves a lasting impact. Join me on this exciting journey as we explore the world of news together.

Leave a Reply